Orthopedics is the branch of medical science that deals with the study of the musculoskeletal system. Arthritis is the leading cause of joint disorders today and more and more people are falling prey to it. Severe arthritic conditions demand joint replacement when medications and conventional treatment fail to work.
Joint consists of two or more bones that are joined together by thick tissues. Take for example the hip joint that consists of the upper part of the femur (ball) that is joined to a portion of the pelvis (socket). The knee joint is made of the tibia, fibula and the femur bone.
The ends of the bones are covered with a smooth cartilage that facilitates frictionless movement of the joints. In addition, the joints are also enclosed in a fibrous capsule known as the synovium. This produces a fluid known as the synovial fluid. When the cartilage undergoes wear and tear due to disorders such as arthritis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, the joints become inflamed and get stiff. This causes a decrease in the synovial fluid. This stiffness, inflammation and reduction in synovial fluid cause the joints to pain.
Total joint replacement is usually the last resort when medication and other conventional treatment modes do not seem to reduce the pain and inflammation. Under such circumstances, if the individuals carry on without considering the option of joint replacement then it would further damage the surrounding muscles and tissue of the affected area. It is therefore advised to receive a proper physical examination and schedule a replacement surgery at the earliest.
Diagnostic procedures for identifying joint problems include a preliminary physical examination and some imaging studies such as MRI scans or CT Scans. In some cases, physical examination, laboratory tests and x – rays should be enough.
The individuals are made to sleep with a dose of anesthesia to numb the parts that need to be replaced. In some cases, regional anesthesia may be administered if the patient prefers to stay awake. Once the effect of the anesthesia starts its effect on the patient, the surgeon begins his procedure and makes an incision into the body part for replacing the joints. For example in hip replacement, the upper part of the femur is replaced with a metal ball which is attached to a metal stem and the socket is replaced by a sturdy plastic which is then attached to the pelvis.
Germany is one of the finest places for getting hip replacement done. The orthopedic clinics in Germany have world class surgeons experienced in carrying out hip replacement surgeries. The surgeons perform about 200, 000 hip replacement surgeries each year. Not just hip surgeries, they perform all kinds of joint replacement surgeries with perfection. The surgeons are experts in their respective fields and deliver the best services to their patients. Hip surgery takes about 1 – 2 hours and the patients are allowed to go home within 8 – 10 days depending on their condition.
The patients are asked to walk with support the day after surgery. Walking in initial stages is difficult but gets easier and better with each passing day. Physiotherapy post operation helps to a great extent in the recovery process. The muscles and new joints get well accustomed to each other and walking gets comfortable and pain free as time progresses.
The artificial joints (prosthetics) that replace the natural worn out joints are designed in a manner that gives comfortable movement similar to natural joints. These prosthetics are made of plastic, metals, stainless steel, cobalt, titanium or chrome. The artificial joints consist of 2 parts: a metal piece that is designed in a manner that it fits appropriately to a sturdy plastic socket. The plastic material should be wear – tear resistant. It is made of polyethylene. In many cases, the two parts are cemented in order to join them.
However, due to advances in the technology, most of the joint replacement occurs without any cementing material. This means that the prosthetics are designed in a manner that they can fit beautifully into place without any cement.
Prosthetics in Germany are of high quality and are designed to fit specific needs of individuals. About 90% of the cases are successful and as such no major risks can be expected. However, in certain unforeseen conditions, the following risks can be considered post total joint replacement:
- A great risk of prosthetic breakage and may call for a second surgical procedure.
- Injury to the adjoining nerves during surgery.
- Dislocation and Loosening of the prosthetics.
- Blood clots may occur due to poor supply of blood in the affected part.
- Infection may set in.
Hip and knee replacement surgeries are done in Germany with precision and care; however joint replacement can also be carried out for elbow, foot, ankle, shoulders, and even fingers. If you are considering receiving a total joint replacement in Germany
, we can help you in getting an appointment in one of the best orthopedic clinics of Germany.