Cyber knife treatment in Germany

Oncology deals with diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cancer. Oncology in Germany is at par with the latest innovations in treatment across the world.

CyberKnife is one amongst the finest and latest innovation of medical science. Unlike Gamma knife, CyberKnife does not make use of any shield frame to pass on the radiation beams. Instead, the radiation is given through robotic machine with software that acts as a guide throughout the process of imparting radiation.

Oncology clinics in Germany have about 8 CyberKnife systems (as per the data recorded in October 2012) till date. This methodology was invented by John R. Adler – Professor of Stanford University and Peter and Russell Schonberg of Schonberg Research Corporation. This unit is manufactured by Accuracy Company, California. The records reveal that by the year 2010 there were about 234 CyberKnife systems that were installed worldwide. In addition, over 100,000 treatments have been performed globally.

Germany oncology clinics have experienced oncologists to operate the CyberKnife robotic system and deliver the best treatment to the patients. Oncology treatment in Germany is carried out after appropriate diagnostic procedures to study the nature of the tumors.

Cancer treatment in Germany is carried out by experienced oncologists using various latest technologies. CyberKnife treatment has the following advantages to its credit:
  • It does not require incision
  • Painless treatment
  • Anesthesia and hospitalization is not required
  • The patients can breathe normally during the method and it causes no discomfort
  • Patients can get back to their normal and routine activities within a day or two
  • It requires little or no recovery time
  • Follow up is also not necessary
The CyberKnife system works by delivering high energy radiation beams with pinpoint accuracy that can target tumor cells and destroy them. According to Dr. Michael Payne, Medical Director of Radiation Oncology, CyberKnife VSI is the latest technology in this regard that offers faster and higher energy radiation compared to the older version. This latest device is also equipped with upgraded software.

This CyberKnife system is a novelty in itself – it consists of a linear accelerator that imparts the radiation fixed to a movable robotic arm. This arm rotates making the accelerator to move and impart radiation. For the treatment procedure, the individuals are dressed up in light and comfortable clothing and the face is covered with flexible mesh facemask. Thereafter various images are taken by the cameras to detect the exact location and position of the tumor cells and lesions. This is followed by imparting radiation beams to the exact location so that the surrounding healthy tissues are not affected.

Before the treatment is carried out, a high resolution CT scan is done for diagnosing the size, type and location of the tumor. The CT scan images are then sent to the CyberKnife workstation where the treatment is carried out based on the scan results. This software guided treatment mode makes it easy to follow the tumor so that the radiation beams can be given exactly to that location and no harm is caused to the healthy cells.

Diagnosis of cancer in Germany is carried out by latest high resolution Computed Tomography scan that allows to accurately studying the size, type and location of the tumor.

CyberKnife treatment needs to be taken for 1 - 5 days, depending on the severity of the condition. The time period for each treatment session is around 30 – 90 minutes. The following disease conditions can be treated with the CyberKnife robotic Radiosurgery:
  • Intracranial and extracranial tumors and lesions
  • Cancer and tumors of the spine cord
  • Malignant tumors of the lungs, liver, prostrate and pancreas
  • Benign tumors
  • Acoustic neuromas
  • Meningiomas
  • Pituitary adenomas
  • Schwannomas
  • Arteriovenous malformations
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
For treatment of cancers, the individuals are given a non-invasive face mask that causes the head of the individual to stay at one place. In certain cases, the patients may even be allowed to listen to music during the treatment. During the treatment of lung, liver and prostrate and pancreatic cancers, the patients are asked to dress only in their vest and are made to lie down on the body cradle. During the treatment, the patients are required to do nothing, except for lying down as remain as still as possible.

The CyberKnife robotic machinery moves around the patient’s body for delivering radiation. The system stops at each point and the software using the CT diagnostic image results helps to locate the tumor. The software guides through the entire process and the system delivers high energy radiation to the target areas.

CyberKnife technology has made the treatment of cancers painless and in a way comfortable. The patients do not have to undergo the dangerous side effects associated with other treatment methods. This method when compared to the standard radiation therapy is less time consuming and more effective.

For effective treatment of cancers, Germany is the best place. Cancer treatment in Germany was the best even in the past and is getting even better with each passing day. We have attained a vast experience and a great expertise in the field of providing medical assistance to expats who visit Germany for cancer treatment. We can always help you find the best viable cancer treatment center as per your needs and recommendations.

Gamma knife treatment in Germany

Germany oncology clinicsare well equipped with all the latest methods for treating cancers. If you want to get the best and accurate treatment for cancers and other rare disease then you must visit the oncology clinic in Germany. Cancer treatment in Germany has achieved considerable amount of success in terms of advanced methodologies, fully well equipped neurosurgical operating rooms and world class diagnostic procedures.

Diagnosis of cancer in Germany makes diagnosis of the cancer possible at the right stage and time. The cancer is detected using special diagnostic procedures that help in early and timely diagnosis of the disease.

Gamma knife treatment is a new innovation in the area of oncology. It is a non – invasive neurosurgical procedure used for treating diseases related to the brain and spinal cord. This procedure is basically a kind of Radiosurgery that makes use of powerful radiation to target the tumor cells or diseased portion of the brain tissue. Gamma knife procedure does not affect the healthy tissues of the brain. Since diseases related to the brain and spinal cord had no effective treatment in the past it has come as a boon for individuals suffering from this dreaded disease.

The gamma knife procedure makes use of 201 Cobalt – 60 sources each of 30 curies that are placed in a circular array contained in a heavy shield unit. This means, that this treatment is given through heavy shield unit that contains about 201 sources of radiation. This therapy is given only once a day.

One of the biggest advantages of this procedure is that it allows the neurosurgeons to work with those parts of the brain where surgery is not practically possible. The following is a list of diseases that can be treated with this new innovative technology.
  • Brain tumors
  • both malignant and benign – Gamma knife radio surgery is works best for both malignant and benign tumors. It has been estimated that the success rate of this procedure is 90% and 80% on long term and short term respectively.
  • Gliomas
  • Gliomas are type of primary brain tumor that takes shape from nerve cells known as glial. When surgery is not sufficient for complete removal of the tumors then gamma knife Radiosurgery is used for final destruction of the tumor cells.
  • Meningiomas
  • About 20 % of primary intracranial tumors are meningiomas. The past decade has witnessed a significant number of cases that have been successfully treated with gamma knife Radiosurgery.
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • It is a type of benign primary intracranial tumors that can be successfully treated with gamma knife Radiosurgery. This technique causes the tumor to shrink and its growth is therefore arrested. For patients who were monitored for longer periods, showed that the tumors reduced in size and no new tumors were observed.
  • Brain metastases
  • Brain metastases are those tumors that originate in other body organs and metastasize to the brain. Gamma knife Radiosurgery has achieved considerable success in treatment of brain metastases.
  • Pituitary adenomas
  • Gamma knife Radiosurgery is considered to be helpful in treating functional tumors of the pituitary gland that have not been completely removed through microsurgery.
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • The trigeminal nerves are responsible for carrying out sensory information between the brain and the forehead. Disorders concerning this area cause severe facial pain accompanied with electric shock like jerks. Treatment with gamma knife surgery provides a pain free life within a few days post surgery.
  • Glomus jugulare tumors
  • The treatment of glomus jugulare tumor is very complicated as this disease severely affects the major blood vessels and in the process exerts pressure on the cranial nerves. Treating this disease was considered to be a challenge for neurosurgeons, but with the innovation of the novel method – gamma knife radiation the treatment and its outcome has improved to a great extent.
  • Cavernomas malformations
  • Gamma knife Radiosurgery has proved to be effective for treating cavernomas malformations as this technique prevents re – bleeding, recurrence of the lesions and also improves the symptoms.
  • Chordoma and Chondrosarcomas
  • Chodorma and Chondosarcomas can reoccur when the neoplasms do not undergo resection. These neoplasms also exhibit a kind of resistance to normal intensity radiation and therefore require high energy radiation to get destroyed.
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder
  • For treating this psychiatric disorder, the gamma knife Radiosurgery works by breaking the communication between those brain cells that seem to overwork.
With continuous research, a series of innovations and expert treatment facilities in the field of oncology, Germany has become a safe abode where expats looking for cancer treatment.

With our expertise in providing excellent medical assistance, we will always be able to help you find the most suitable medical health care center for cancer treatment in Germany.

Proton treatment in Germany

Proton therapy is used in Germany to treat many types of cancer. It is a kind of particle therapy in which a beam of protons is used to irradiate diseased tissue. Proton therapy scores over other types of treatment because the doctor is able to localize the radiation dosage more precisely and accurately.

The oncologist decides to go for proton therapy after considering factors such as the location, type and stage of the cancer tumor. This treatment method is used either alone or in combination with surgery to provide the best benefits to the patient. Since the proton energy is targeted directly at the tumor, the total radiation concentration on nearby healthy tissue is reduced. This also increases the therapeutic effectiveness of the dose, which is able to destroy the tumor cells reliably. A survey reveals that proton therapy was effective on 98% of the patients on whom it was used.

Oncology in Germany


Cancer treatment in Germany is world class in quality and many German oncology clinics offer intensity-modulated proton therapy using state-of-the-art technology. This advanced therapy can treat delicate tumors located in the eyes, neck, and head and near the spinal cord. Proton therapy helps oncologists to control radiation dosage and limit the exposure of healthy tissue.

Some oncology clinics in Germany offer the pencil-beam spot scanning method which is able to distribute the dose more precisely compared to other proton therapy systems. This delivery method enables effective and easy control of the dose distribution as required. It also lessens the exposure of critical areas like the spinal cord to radiation dosage. These advantages help the patient by reducing their number of visits to the clinic for cancer treatment.

Cancer treatment in Germany attracts patients from many countries including Switzerland, the UK and Canada, to name just a few. Children especially gain a great deal from proton therapy, because it is essential in pediatric treatments to limit the exposure of healthy tissue to radiation. Diagnosis of cancer in Germany is done early and conclusively, and this enables effective treatment of the disease which helps the patients recover fully, increases their lifespan and improves their quality of life too.

Oncology Treatment in Germany


In recent years, Germany has seen excellent progress in the prevention, timely detection and diagnosis, as well as effective treatment of many types of deadly cancers. This is important because surveys reveal that about 486,000 new cancer cases were diagnosed in 2012 in Germany.

In 2008, Germany devised a National Cancer Plan to facilitate close collaboration between various institutions to address the different aspects involved in cancer care and treatment. This plan places importance on prevention and timely detection of cancer as well as overall improvement in nationwide cancer care. The program also facilitates access to effective and efficient treatment for all cancer patients as well as improvement in patient knowledge and information.

The Power of Proton Therapy for Cancer Treatment


Proton therapy benefits thousands of cancer patients every year because it is efficient, reduces side effects and helps preserve the patient’s quality of life during the treatment period and after recovery too. This therapy targets cancer cells more accurately and precisely. Compared to traditional X-rays, proton treatment reaches only those areas affected by cancer. This reduces the exposure of healthy tissue to radiation, which reduces the risk of complications. The doctor is thereby encouraged to direct higher radiation doses to the cancer tumor, which improves the chances of successful treatment.

Proton therapy is also preferred by many patients because this treatment minimizes interruptions to daily activities. In fact during the treatment period, patients can continue to work normally, enjoy themselves with their family and friends, and participate in all of their favorite activities.

Proton therapy is used to treat prostate cancer and tumors located near vital or sensitive bodily structures. Proton therapy for prostate cancer minimizes radiation dosage to the bladder, rectum and other sensitive tissues. This therapy is also used to treat cancers of the lung, pancreas, and neck and head as well Hodgkin lymphoma and cancers in children for the same reason: more radiation is directed to the tumor and less to healthy and sensitive tissue nearby.

Proton beam therapy is considered the most advanced and precise method of radiation therapy used today. It is non-invasive and painless, and allows patients to continue with their normal activities and maintain a good quality of life. This is possible because physicians are able to deliver high radiation dosages to the main tumor site without affecting nearby healthy organs and tissue.

Proton treatment in Germany is an effective and efficient method of cancer treatment that has become much sought after due to its many advantages. Hospitals and clinics in Germany offer advanced diagnosis and treatment facilities to enable early and timely detection of cancer, and prompt and effective treatment afterwards to help patients recover fully from this dreaded disease and lead active and fulfilling lives. With our vast experience and expertise in providing medical assistance, we can always help you to find a viable facility for oncology treatment in Germany.

Treatment of gastric cancer in Germany

Stomach cancer is also known as gastric cancer. The most common type of gastric cancer is adenocarcinoma which accounts for 90-95% of all gastric cancers. Other types of gastric cancer are sarcomas which affect the blood vessels, fat and muscles, and lymphomas which impact the lymphatic system.

It is essential to detect stomach cancer early to treat it effectively. Unfortunately, this does not happen in most cases and the cancer is usually discovered only after it reaches an advanced stage.

Causes of Gastric Cancer


Factors which raise the risk of gastric cancer include: gender (men are more at risk), race (Asians and African-Americans have higher risk), genetics (inherited cancer syndromes and genetic abnormalities raise the risk), and geography (gastric cancer is more prevalent in parts of South America, Central America, Japan and the erstwhile Soviet Union).

Other risk factors are: blood type (people with ‘A’ blood group have higher risk), advanced age (seniors over the age of 70 are more vulnerable), family history of stomach cancer, and lifestyle factors (these include drinking alcohol, smoking, consistently consuming a diet sans vegetables and fruits, and eating a lot of smoked, salted or nitrate-preserved food items).

More risk factors are Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) stomach infection (this causes ulcers and chronic inflammation), health conditions such as intestinal metaplasia, gastric polyps, pernicious anemia, chronic gastritis, and previous stomach surgery, and finally exposure to health hazards in jobs such as timber and rubber processing, nickel refining, coal mining as well as asbestos exposure.

Symptoms of Gastric Cancer


The following symptoms may manifest themselves in the initial stages of gastric cancer:
  • Stomach discomfort and indigestion
  • A bloated sensation after consuming meals
  • Heartburn
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mild nausea
Since these signs are similar to symptoms caused by peptic ulcers, you should go to a hospital for a correct diagnosis of the condition to enable the doctors to provide you effective treatment. In most cases, gastric cancer advances to more dangerous stages before others symptoms appear.

Symptoms of Advanced Gastric Cancer
  • Discomfort in the middle or upper part of the stomach
  • Blood in the stool
  • Vomiting blood or simply vomiting
  • Fatigue or weakness due to mild anemia
  • Bloating or pain in the stomach after consuming meals
  • Weight loss

Diagnosis of Stomach Cancer


A physical exam is necessary to diagnose advanced gastric cancer. Tell-tale signs are abdominal lumps found during a rectal test, ascites (increased fluid amounts in the abdomen), enlarged liver, and larger lymph nodes. If you experience vague symptoms like loss of appetite, nausea, weight loss and indigestion, get yourself tested immediately.

Common tests to detect gastric cancer include Upper GI series (X-rays of the intestine, stomach and esophagus after drinking a barium solution). This test helps the doctor to detect tumors or other abnormal formations. Biopsy and gastroscopy are two sure-fire methods used to identify stomach cancer. If gastric cancer is discovered, the oncologist will need more tests including endoscopic ultrasound, laparoscopy, bone scans, PET scans and CT scans to check how much the cancer has advanced.

Oncology in Germany is very advanced and there has been vast improvement over the years in cancer treatment including for gastric cancer. More numbers of patients are getting cured completely, and even those who are not able to get cured are able to live longer lives with better quality of life.

Treatment of Gastric Cancer in Germany


The most effective methods used for gastric cancer treatment in Germany are surgery (known as gatrectomy, which removes the whole stomach or a part of it as well as some tissue), radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Early diagnosis of cancer in Germany has become the norm and this enables effective treatment of all types of cancer including stomach cancer. Many German oncology clinics specialize in offering advanced surgery to treat gastric cancer completely. In addition, chemotherapy and sometimes irradiation is added to the surgery depending on the tumor spread. In advanced cases, surgery is not helpful. Therefore, doctors try chemotherapy with new drugs to inhibit the spread of the disease. Smaller tumors are removed with an endoscope and major surgery is not needed in such cases.

Chemotherapy for Gastric Cancer


Many oncology clinics in Germany offer advanced chemotherapy to successfully treat advanced disease. This treatment is continued for as long as it is effective and the period also depends on the ability of the patient to tolerate the therapy.

Radiation Therapy for Gastric Cancer


Sole radiotherapy is advised for patients with advanced condition. It helps to relieve distressing effects such as gastrointestinal bleeding and contractions of the digestive tract caused by the tumor.

As mentioned earlier, it is difficult to cure gastric cancer at an advanced stage, hence early detection is essential. But since this condition manifests few symptoms early on, it is usually discovered only at an advanced stage. Modern developments in technology and science have vastly improved the treatment of gastric cancer and today doctors are also able to relieve distressing symptoms as well to a great extent.

With our vast experience and expertise in providing medical assistance, we can always help you to find a viable medical care facility for treatment of gastric cancer in Germany.

Treatment of liver cancer in Germany

Liver cancer affects the cells in the liver and the most common type is hepatocellular carcinoma, which starts in the main liver cells (hepatocytes). It is less common for other types of liver cells to develop cancer. Metastatic cancer begins in other parts of the body like the breast, lung or colon and then infects the liver.

Symptoms


Normally, there are no symptoms in the initial stages of liver cancer. But when they appear, the following signs may manifest themselves:
  • Chalky, white stools
  • Yellowish skin and eyes (jaundice)
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Fatigue and general weakness
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Pain in the upper abdomen
  • Loss of appetite
  • Losing weight unintentionally
If you experience any of the above symptoms, contact your doctor immediately for advice.

Causes


The cause cannot be determined in all cases of liver cancer. But it is well known that chronic infection caused by certain hepatitis viruses can lead to this ailment. Normally, liver cancer is the result of mutations in the DNA of liver cells. These DNA mutations can make the cells go out of control and lead to the formation of a cancerous tumor.

Risk factors


The following factors raise the risk of liver cancer:
  • Chronic infection caused by hepatitis B or C virus.
  • Cirrhosis leads to the formation of scar tissue in the liver and raises the chances of contracting liver cancer.
  • Inherited liver ailments such as Wilson’s disease and hemochromatosis.
  • Diabetics have a higher risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Fat deposits in the liver due to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
  • Eating foods contaminated with aflatoxins such as peanuts and corn. This contamination more commonly occurs in parts of Asia and Africa.
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol can lead severe liver damage and raise the chances of liver cancer.
  • Obesity is another main cause of liver cancer.

Tests and Diagnosis of Cancer in Germany


The following procedures and tests are used to detect liver cancer:
  • Blood tests can detect abnormalities in liver function.
  • The doctor may ask you to undergo imaging tests including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT) scan and ultrasound.
  • Liver biopsy, in which a small amount of liver tissue is removed for testing. This procedure is slightly risky as it can cause infection, bruising and bleeding.
If liver cancer is diagnosed, the doctor can determine the stage of the disease with the help of staging and imaging tests such as bone scan, MRI and CT scan.

Treatment of Liver Cancer in Germany


Liver cancer treatment in Germany depends on the stage of the cancer as well as the patient’s age, personal preferences and overall health.

Common treatments include:


  • Surgery to eliminate the affected part of the liver: This is known as partial hepatectomy in which the tumor is removed as well as a small part of surrounding healthy tissue if the tumor is small and the patient has good liver function. This procedure depends on the location of the tumor in the liver.
  • Liver transplant surgery is done to remove the affected liver and replace it with a donor’s healthy liver. This procedure is done in the early stages of the cancer and only on a small percentage of patients.
  • Cryoblation procedure is done to freeze and wipe out cancer cells.
  • A procedure called Radiofrequency ablation is done to heat up and kill cancer cells.
  • Alcohol is injected straight into the tumor to kill the cancerous cells.
  • Chemotherapy drugs are injected into the liver to block blood supply to the cancerous cells and kill them.
  • Radiation therapy directs strong energy beams at the cancer cells to shrink the tumor and destroy it.
  • Targeted drug therapy using drugs such as sorafenib (Nexavar) is carried out to control liver cancer that has reached an advanced stage.

Alternative Medicine


Alternative treatments can help to control pain caused by advanced liver cancer. They can also aid in minimizing the side effects of medications. Popular alternative treatments include:
  • Massage
  • Music therapy
  • Deep breathing
  • Acupuncture
  • Acupressure

Prevention


  • Drink alcohol in moderate amounts to lower the risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer.
  • Try to maintain the ideal weight for your height and age. Eat healthy foods and exercise regularly.
  • If you use chemicals, take precautions to avoid danger.
  • Get yourself vaccinated against hepatitis B.
  • Do not have unprotected sex and get informed about the health status of your sexual partner.
  • Avoid injecting intravenous illegal drugs.
  • Get a tattoo or piercing only from a safe and clean shop.
  • Go for liver cancer screening regularly.
Oncology in Germany is sophisticated and the nation offers state-of-the-art medical facilities. Medical tourists from all over the world benefit from the top quality oncology treatment in Germany. Oncology clinics in Germany are equipped with the latest equipment to diagnose and combat liver cancer. German oncology clinics also keep themselves up to date with the latest developments in their field to ensure they offer the very best medical care for their patients and help them overcome serious diseases like liver cancer, and lead normal and healthy lives.

With our vast experience and expertise in providing medical assistance, we can always help you to find a viable medical care facility for treatment of liver cancer in Germany.

Treatment of lung cancer in Germany

Lung cancer is characterized by uncontrolled growth of cells in the lung tissues. The cancerous growth if not arrested in time, can spread to the other body parts. Lung cancer is broadly classified under 2 categories based on the way the cancer cells appear under the microscope:
  • Small cell lung cancer
  • Non – small cell lung cancer
Diagnosis of cancer in Germany is carried out by experienced radiologists and oncologists expert in their respective fields. With such experienced staff around, you are sure to get an accurate diagnosis for your disease. Following this, the treatment plan for lung cancer is devised by the surgeons and treatment schedule decided.

Treatment of lung cancer


Treatment of lung cancer depends on the stage of the cancer, its type, physical condition and age of the individuals. There are several types of treatment modes available. These are:

Surgery


In this method, the surgeons remove the affected part of the lung along with some healthy tissue (about 2 cm). For small cell lung cancers, often surgery is not the treatment of choice as this type of cancer spreads very fast to the other body parts. If surgery is done, then chemotherapy and radiation therapy follow. The following are the surgical procedures employed for treating lung cancer.

  • Lobectomy
  • In this method, entire affected lobe is removed. If the lobes of right lung are affected then 2 lobes may have to be removed.
  • Wedge resection
  • This method consists of removal of part of the affected lung along with some of the healthy tissue.
  • Segmental resection
  • In this method, not the entire lobe but part of the lung is removed.
  • Pneumonectomy
  • is the process of removing the entire lung that is affected. With this method, the lung functioning reduces to a great extent.
There are several risks associated with surgery of lung cancer. These include bleeding, shortness of breath post surgery and infection. If the individuals experienced shortness of breath prior to surgery then it may even continue post surgery. Patients are also advised to see a respiratory therapist who would help them in breathing exercises which would speed the recovery process.

Chemotherapy


Chemotherapy is the process that makes use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. Drugs can either be taken orally or administered intravenously. This treatment is continued over a period of several weeks to months with gaps in between which allow the patients to recover from the side effects of chemotherapy. In many instances, combinations of drugs are administered for added effect. Chemotherapy may often be given either post surgery or prior to it. When given prior to surgery, it shrinks the tumor to facilitate its complete removal during surgery.

Radiation therapy


This method uses high energy radiation that is given either externally or internally. The radiation kills the cancer cells and prevents its recurrence. Radiation therapy when given internally is known as brachytherapy. In this method, the radioactive material having low dose radiation is placed inside the affected lung tissue. The material gradually keeps on releasing radiation and destroys the cancer cells.

Many a times, radiation therapy can also be given in combination to chemotherapy for added benefits. An improvised version of radiation therapy is stereotactic body radiotherapy which is ideal for small tumors. In this method, the radiation is applied at various angles to the lungs. This treatment is completed within one or few sittings.

Targeted drug therapy


This is new branch of treatment specially designed for treating lung cancers. In this method, drugs are given that have targeted or selective effect on the cancerous cells. The following are the various targeted drug therapies:

  • Bevacizumab (Avastin)
  • This drug inhibits the cancer cells from generating a new blood supply. This drug usually is given in combination with chemotherapy.
  • Erlotinib (Tarceva)
  • This is given to patients with advanced stages of non- small cell lung cancer. This drug works by blocking those chemicals that favor the growth and division of cancer cells.
  • Crizotinib (Xalkori)
  • This drug too is administered to individuals with advanced non – small cell lung cancer. It is usually meant for patients who have genetic mutation defect. Crizotinib works by inhibiting the production of chemicals that supports the growth and division of cancer cells.
Treatment of lung cancer in Germany follows all the above mentioned methods and patients are fully satisfied with the treatment and the facilities made available to them. Patients with lung cancer should opt for treatment in Germany. With world class oncologists, cancer treatment in Germany is surely to have a successful outcome. To add to this, Germany oncology clinics have all the facilities needed for modern surgeries and treatment for lung cancer.

If you are considering treatment of lung cancer in Germany, we are always able to recommend you a viable healthcare facility for oncology in Germany to suit your needs and that meets your preferences as well.

Treatment of melanoma in Germany

Melanoma is a serious skin cancer that develops in melanocytes, which produce melanin. Melanin is the pigment that gives skin its natural color. This type of skin cancer can also occur in eyes, and sometimes rarely in internal organs like intestines. The exact cause for melanoma is not known, but exposing to UV radiation from sunshine, tanning beds and lamps can increase chances of developing melanoma. Recent trends show that incidences of melanoma within the age of 40, especially with women are on a rise. However, melanoma is very rare in children. About 3% of all the cancer cases are related with skin cancers. Knowing signs of melanoma well in advance can help you detect skin cancer and prevent its spreading. An early detection can be treated successfully.

Common symptoms: Melanomas can appear anywhere on one’s body. However, they are more likely to develop in such parts that are more exposed to sun. These melanomas are open and are found in people with fair skin who often expose to sun. They can also occur in parts that receive no sunlight, such as soles, palms and nail beds. These are called hidden melanomas and are found in people wit dark skin. The preliminary signs of melanomas are:
  • A visible change in the existing mole
  • A new-pigment like or an unusual-growth on skin
These unusual moles may appear scaly, cause itching, spread the pigment to the surrounding area and may also ooze or bleed. Melanoma may not always begin its course as a mole; it can even appear on normal skin.

Causes: Dead skin cells are replaced by new and healthy cells from beneath. This process takes places in a controlled and an orderly way. When something goes awry with the process of development of melanocytes, there is an overgrowth of cells that leads to development of cancerous cells. This process of overgrowth is initiated by damaged DNA in upcoming cells. Even though UV radiations are attributed for this change, not all melanomas are caused by the same phenomenon. Factors like genes and environment may also trigger this phenomenon.

Tests and diagnosis for melanoma: Melanoma can sometimes be detected just by looking at the skin. However, a more accurate way is to do a biopsy. A part or all of the suspicious growth or mole is taken off and analyzed by a pathologist. Depending on the skin condition, the biopsy procedures available in Germany for diagnosis melanoma are:
  • Punch biopsy
  • Excision biopsy
  • Incision biopsy
With continuous research, studies on clinical trials and latest innovations, cancer treatment in Germany has made great advancements. Once melanoma is detected, the next step is to determine its stage. With high-quality facilities for oncology in Germany, it is always possible to determine the stage of a melanoma accurately. By determining the thickness of melanoma by a specialized tool called micrometer, the stage can be determined. By determining the thickness of a tumor, doctors can prepare a plan for treatment of melanoma in Germany. Generally, thicker the tumor, more advanced is the disease.

Any sophisticated oncology clinic in Germany will determine if the melanoma has spread to lymph nodes nearby. In this case, an expert German doctor will conduct a sentinel code biopsy. A dye is filled in place from where the melanoma is removed. The lymph nodes that catch the dye are tested for cancer cells and removed. If the nodes don’t catch dye, then it is an indication that melanoma hasn’t spread across them. An appropriate treatment can be adopted as per the results of the test.

The aggressiveness of melanoma is assessed on finding out whether an open sore is formed on the skin and by determining the amount of dividing cancer cells after observation through a specialized microscope. Based on the examinations, the stage is numbered in Roman numerals from I to IV. Higher the number, higher is the intensity.

Treatment of melanoma in Germany: You will find the best medical facilities for oncology treatment in Germany. The best cancer specialists in any Germany oncology clinic will treat melanoma based on its stage, the patient’s age, his overall heath and personal preferences.

Treating melanomas at an early stage: At an early stage, melanoma can be removed by a surgery. The thin melanoma is removed completely during a biopsy; a small border adjacent to this area will also be removed along with a tissue layer beneath. Most of the cases in an early stage can be cured by this procedure only. Followed by this procedure, a periodical screening of your skin for a possible recurrence of melanoma may be needed.

Treatment for advanced melanomas: Specialized treatment procedures are employed to treat melanomas that have spread beyond the skin. Cancer treatment in Germany for advanced stages of melanomas includes:
  • Surgery for removal of infected lymph nodes and followed by an additional treatment.
  • Chemotherapy: using of drugs and medication.
  • Radiation therapy: using X-rays to wipe-out cancer cells.
  • Biological therapy: boosting the immune system to help fight cancer.
  • Targeted therapy: target specific vulnerabilities of cancer cells.
  • Vaccination therapy: drawing the attention of immune system by injecting altered cancer cells into the body.
In treating stages of metastatic melanoma, a compound called Vemurafenib is under clinical tests presently. Patients at an advanced stage of melanoma have shown a longer survival rate while under its administration.

With excellent centers for diagnosis of cancer in Germany, an exact assessment of the melanoma stage is always possible and an exact treatment can be provided. We have been providing excellent medical assistance facilities for expats visiting Germany for cancer treatments since many years. With our rich experience and an expertise in the field, we are always able to help you in receiving a viable cancer treatment in Germany.

Treatment of prostate cancer in Germany

Oncology is the study of cancer pertaining to its diagnosis, treatment and palliative care. Prostate cancer is the growth of cancerous cells in the male reproductive organ – the prostate gland. Cancer of this type causes difficulty in urination, pain and problems during sexual intercourse and erectile dysfunction in men.

With each passing day, the study of oncology in Germany is attaining new heights. The researchers are giving in their best to come out with new ways of treating prostate cancer. The Germany oncologic clinics are well equipped with the modern equipments required for treating prostate cancer. Diagnosis of cancer in Germany is carried out using latest technologies by experienced lab technicians and oncologists.

Treatment of prostate cancer in Germany


Treatment of prostate cancer in Germany is based on the stage of the disease, physical health of the individual, age, lifestyle factors, bladder control and maintenance of erectile functioning post surgery. The following is a list of method for treating prostate cancer.

  • Active surveillance:
  • The preliminary stages of prostate cancer usually require no immediate treatment. In certain cases the doctors wait and watch – a method known as active surveillance. This method consists of regular follow – up checkups with the doctor to determine the progression of cancer by way of blood tests, rectal examination and biopsies.
  • Radiation therapy:
  • In this method high energy radiation beams are given externally for destroying the cancer cells.

  • Brachytherapy:
  • This method consists of placing the radiation inside your body tissue. Rice – sized radioactive material is placed inside the prostate organ that constantly delivers low energy radiation beams to the cancer cells. The seed or ingredient is inserted through a needle.

  • Hormone therapy using medications:
  • Medications such as lutenizing hormone – releasing hormone and anti - androgens prevents the release of testosterone so that it does not reach the cancer cells. Medications in preliminary stages are administered to shrink the tumors so that they can get completely destroyed through radiation. Many a times they are also administered prior to surgery for shrinking the tumor size in order to facilitate easy removal of the tumor.

  • Surgery:
  • Several surgical procedures are employed depending on the stage of the cancer. These include:

    I. Orchiectomythat involves removal of testicles that would in turn lower the levels of testosterone in the body.

    II. Radical prostatectomythat include removal of the prostate gland along with some of the surrounding tissues and lymph nodes. This procedure can be carried out by the following 3 methods:

    a) Retropubic surgeryinvolves removal of prostate gland by incisions made in the lower abdomen. This procedure is considered to be safe compared to the other two methods as the former one has lower risk of nerve damage.

    b) Perineal surgeryconsists of removal of prostate gland by making incisions in the anus and scrotum areas. This procedure has higher risk of nerve damage as compared to other methods.

    c) Laparoscopic prostatectomy:In this method, several small incisions are made in the abdominal area through which a camera and surgical tools are passed. The surgery is guided through the images taken by the camera.

Innovations in prostate treatment : daVinci Robotic Surgery


Several researches have been carried out for improving the quality of treatment for prostate cancer. The da Vinci Robotic Surgery is one amongst them. Majority of the cancer treatment in Germany is carried through the da Vinci robotic surgery.

Some oncologic clinics in Germany have fully experienced surgeons to carry out the da Vinci robotic surgery. This procedure enables the oncologists to carry out the most complicated and difficult prostatectomy with minimal invasion. Very difficult and complicated cases have been successfully treated with this new innovative method. It is therefore considered as the gold standard in prostate surgery.

In this procedure, the oncologists make few small incisions in the abdomen. This system includes a magnified 3-D high – definition vision system and special instrument that are fitted in the wrist that enables greater movements than what human wrist alone can achieve. This allows the surgeon to carry out the operation with more accuracy, improved vision, control and dexterity. The wrist instruments enable the oncologists to carry out most complex operations that would otherwise have been impossible with the normal human hand.

There are several advantages of da Vinci robotic surgery as compared to the traditional prostatectomy. These are:
  • Less incisions as compared to standard surgery
  • Period of hospital stay is minimized
  • Decrease in intra operative blood loss
  • Less of medications post operation to reduce pain
  • Period of post operative catherization is also greatly reduced from several weeks to just 5 – 7 days.
  • Erectile function is not reduced as compared to traditional standard surgery
  • Better bladder control
The da Vinci robotic surgery for prostate cancer is a new innovation in the field of medical science. It has several success stories to its credit and has also shown to increase the life expectancy rate and decrease the chances of recurrence of cancer.

If you are considering treatment of prostate cancer in Germany, we are always able to recommend you a viable healthcare facility that suits your needs and meets your preferences as well.